Kiai

Ai-yotsuSame grip used by both persons, either right or left
AshiFoot, leg
Ashi WazaFoot techniques
Atemi WazaStriking techniques
Ayumi AshiOrdinary pattern of walking
BatsugunInstant promotion
BudoMartial ways
BujutsuMartial arts
BushidoWay of the warrior
ChuiPenalty (no longer used)
DanBlack belt rank
DebanaInstant of opportunity to break balance as opponent initiates a motion
DojoSchool or training hall for studying the way
EriCollar, lapel
FudoshinImmovable spirit
FusegiEscapes
Fusen GachiWin by default
Goshin JutsuArt of self defense
HajimeBegin
Hando no KuzushiUnbalancing by reaction
Hansoku-makeMost serious penalty, disqualification
HanteiReferee call for judge’s decision
Happo no KuzushiKuzushi in 8 directions
HaraStomach
HidariLeft
HijiElbow
Hiki-wakeNo decision–tie or draw
HikitePulling hand — usually the hand gripping a sleeve
HizaKnee
IpponVictory in one move, one point
JigotaiDefensive posture
JikanReferee call to stop the clock
Jita KyoeiPrinciple of mutual prosperity
JosekiPlace of honor, upper seat
JudoGentle or flexible way
Judo IchidaiA Judo life–Spending one’s life in the diligent pursuit of Judo
JudogiJudo practice uniform
JudokaOne who studies Judo
Ju no KataForms of gentleness
Ju no RiPrinciple of flexibility or yielding
JujutsuGentle art
Kaeshi WazaCounter techniques
KakeCompletion or execution of technique
Kansetsu WazaJoint locking techniques
KappoResuscitation techniques
KataForms
KataShoulder
Katame no kataForms of grappling
KatsuResuscitation
KeikokuPenalty (no longer used)
Kenka YotsuOpposite grips used by each person, one right/one left
KiaiTo gather spirit with a shout
Kime no KataForms of decision
Kinshi WazaTechniques prohibited in competition
Ki o tsukeAttention
KodanshaHigh ranking judoka — 5th dan and above
KodokanJudo institute in Tokyo where Judo was founded
Kogeki SeyoOrder for judoka to attack
KokaScore less than a yuko
KoshiHip
Koshi WazaHip techniques
KubiNeck
KumikataGripping methods
KuzureModified hold
KuzushiUnbalancing the opponent
KyoshiInstructor
KyuStudent rank
MaaiSpace or engagement distance
MaeForward, front
Mae SabakiFrontal escape
Mae UkemiFalling forward
Masutemi WazaBack sacrifice throws
MateStop (wait)
MigiRight
MudanshaStudents below black belt rank
MuneChest
NageThrow
Nage no KataForms of throwing
NagekomiRepetitive throwing practice
Nage WazaThrowing techniques
Ne WazaTechniques on the ground
ObiJudo belt
OkudenSecret teachings
OsaekomiPin, referee call to begin timing
Osaekomi WazaPinning techniques
Osaekomi ToketaEscape, stop timing of hold
RandoriFree practice
Randori no KataForms of free practice techniques
Randori WazaTechniques for free practice
ReiBow
ReihoForms of respect, manners, etiquette
Renraku WazaCombination techniques
RitsureiStanding bow
Seika TandenA point in the abdomen that is the center of gravity
Seiryoku ZenyoPrinciple of maximum efficiency
SeizaFormal kneeling posture
SenAttack initiative
SenseiTeacher, instructor
ShiaiContest
ShiaijoCompetition area
ShidoPenalty, equal to koka score
ShihanTitle for a model teacher or “teacher who sets the standard” (i.e. Kano-shihan)
Shime WazaChoking techniques
ShinpanReferee
ShintaiMoving forwards, sideways & backwards
ShiseiPosture
ShizentaiNatural posture
ShomenDojo front
SodeSleeve
SokeFounder of a martial art or ryu
Sono MamaStop action; command to freeze
Sore MadeFinished, time is up
Sute GeikoRandori throwing practice against a higher level judoka
Sutemi WazaSacrifice techniques
Tachi WazaStanding techniques
Tai SabakiBody control, turning
TatamiMat
TeHand, arm
Te WazaHand techniques
TekubiWrist
Tokui WazaFavorite or best technique
ToriPerson performing a technique
Tsugi AshiWalking by bringing one foot up to another
TsukuriEntry into a technique, positioning
TsuriteLifting hand
UchikomiRepeated practice without completion
UdeArm
UkePerson receiving the technique
UkemiBreakfall techniques
UshiroBackward, rear
Ushiro SabakiBack movement control
Ushiro UkemiFalling backward
WakiArmpit
WazaTechnique
Waza AriNear ippon or half point
Waza ari Awasete IpponTwo waza-ari together for ippon
Yakusoku Geiko (or renshu)Pre-arranged free practice
YokoSide
Yoko Kaiten UkemiSideways rolling break fall
Yoko Sutemi WazaSide sacrifice throws
Yoko UkemiFalling sideways
YoshiResume action, continue
YubiFinger
YudanshaPerson who earned the black belt
YudanshakaiBlack belt association
YukoScore less than a waza-ari
Yusei GachiWin by judge’s decision
ZanshinAwareness
ZareiKneeling salutation
Zenpo Kaiten UkemiForward rolling break fall
ZubonPants

Zanshin1 – Ichi
2 – Ni
3 – San
4 – Shi
5 – Go
6 – Roku
7 – Shichi
8 – Hachi
9 – Ku
10 – Ju
11 – Juichi (10 plus one)
12 – Juni (10 plus 2)

19 – Juku (10 plus 9)
20 – Niju (2 10’s)

29 – Nijuku (2 10’s plus a 9)
Judo
30 – Sanju (3 10’s)

35 – Sanjugo (3 10’s plus a 5)

99 – Kujuku (9 10’s plus a 9)
100 – Hyaku
1000 – Sen
10,000 – man
100,000 – juman
1,000,000 – hyakuman
10,000,000 – senman
100,000,000 – oku

“Chiri mo tsumori yamato nari” — Even specks of dust when collected can form a mountain.

Uchi Maki Komi